Responding to HIV and AIDS globally
HIV and AIDS is still a global issue:
The latest stats from UNAIDS in August 2014 confirmed that:
– 36.9 million people are living with HIV globally
– In 2014, 1.2 million people worldwide died from AIDS-related causes:
- AIDS is still the leading cause of death among women of child-bearing age
- AIDS is estimated to be the second biggest killer of adolescents globally and the number 1 killer of adolescents in Africa
-In 2014, 2 million people newly acquired HIV:
- 5000 adults and 600 children every day
– A staggering 17.1 million people do not know that they are living with HIV
– We have made amazing progress getting 15 million people on treatment but 22 million people still need access to treatment, based on new WHO treatment guidelines
Global Commitments on HIV and AIDS
In 2000, UN member states committed to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) – among these MDG 6 which pledges to combat HIV and AIDS, malaria and other diseases. MDG 6 helped to identify the AIDS epidemic as a global priority, leading to a UN General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) in 2001 and a Political Declaration on HIV and AIDS, and the WHO’s initiative to get 3 million people onto HIV Treatment. In 2006 at a second UNGASS on HIV, a pledge was made to achieve Universal Access to HIV prevention, treatment, care and support, and in 2011 a further high-level meeting rejuvenated focus on HIV with further commitments agreed by member states.
In September 2015, the Sustainable Development Goals were agreed with a target to “By 2030, end the epidemics of AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria and neglected tropical diseases and combat hepatitis, water-borne diseases and other communicable diseases.”
And progress has been made…
These commitments have led to progress in the AIDS response that was unimaginable at the turn of the century.
-15 million people in low- and middle-income countries are now accessing HIV treatment, compared to just 400,000 in 2003
– 8 million deaths have been averted between 2000 and 2014
– 30 million HIV infections have been averted between 2000 and 2014
– The world has achieved a 35% decrease in the number of infections from 2000 to 2014
– 83 countries, representing 83% of people living with HIV, have either stabilized or achieved significant declines in rates of new HIV infections
– 73% of all pregnant women living with HIV have access to ARVs that will help ensure their children are born free of HIV
But urgent challenges remain
-22 million people are still not accessing anti-retroviral treatment, based on new treatment guidelines
-We know how to prevent babies being born with HIV, but 220,000 children were still born with HIV in 2014
-Only 3 in 10 children, 32% of the total 2.6 million children living with HIV, are accessing treatment they need
-One in three women will still face violence or sexual abuse in her lifetime, which will increase her chances of acquiring HIV by 50%
-Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death among people living with HIV, and the latest statistics show that TB has now overtaken HIV in terms of number of infections and deaths globally.
-Globally, the leading cause of death among women of reproductive age is HIV and AIDS and in the absence of HIV, maternal mortality worldwide would be 20% lower
-Excluding Sub-Saharan Africa, 30% of all HIV and AIDS cases globally are attributed to the use of contaminated injection drug equipment
-Less than 60% of countries have introduced anti-discrimination laws to protect people living with HIV and AIDS.
Learn more about HIV and AIDS
Visit the AIDSPortal website – the online resource supporting the community response to HIV. Search for HIV & AIDS related information, jobs and funding. Add your own information. Connect to people, groups and organisations from around the world. Content can be viewed in more than 50 languages.
-Basic information on HIV and AIDS: www.avert.org
-Information on the global and country-level epidemics: www.unaids.org
-Information for people living with and affected by HIV and AIDS: http://i-base.info/
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